Borduşani, Borduşani Parish, Ialomiţa County Point: Popină Cod RAN : 92998.01        The settlement is also mentioned under the name of Popina Mare, being situated at approx. 2.5 km NE of the village in Balta  Ialomiţei and at approx. 800 m from the shore of the Danube’s branch, Borcea. In fact, the monument is presented under the form of two adjacent tells, each of them with different sizes. The great tell, (tell I), with a height of 15.4 m., has an oval form with the basis diameters of approx. 150 x80 m. The small tell, (tell II), situated S from the first, also has an oval form, with the basis diameters of approx. 50x30 m and a height of 8-9 m. between the two anthropic formations there is today a saddling partially affected by the access road to the first of them where was built the forest canton. Sometime, in the interwar period, on both tells were built ice cellars which apparently functioned also after the last war. The one on the tell I was placed in its central-West area, affecting a surface with dimensions of at least 20x10 m. the dimensions are relative because, being abandoned when the archaeological researches begun, it was filled with dirt and thus it was difficult to tell the exact dimensions. After world war two, on this tell, in its South area, was built a forest canton, to which added in the central area a series of other annex constructions destined to sheltering animals and different provisions.  To these add other temporary annexes, which even today affect the site. On the W side, at the base of the tell, were made other such constructions which had the same consequences. Probably during the construction of the permanent buildings which exist on the tell, on the N and NW side, at its base, functioned a clay quarry which, at its turn, produced considerable destructions. The tell II, was 60% destroyed by the ice cellars we mentioned, which were placed on its central area. The destruction of the two tells was completed by the using of the access road to the forest canton and which in the case of T. I affect the S and E sides.  Researches history In time the tell got the attention of many specialists. Thus there mentioned the periegesis researches made by Gr. Florescu, Vl. Dumitrescu, (in the interwar period) and I. Barnea, (1962),
then in 1980 by S.  Marinescu-Bîlcu, Al. Bolomey, N. Conovici and M. Neagu. Following an occurrence development, we can say that systematic diggings were subsequently initiated by a team led by S. Marinescu- Bîlcu, in which took part Gh. Trohani and Gh. Matei, to whom from 1987 added D. N. Popovici. In the period 1992-1997 took part at the diggings also R. Andreescu and Fl. Vlad, (these two since 1990),  C. Bem, V. Voinea, C. Miu, V. Parnic, (at the beginning as students). Subsequently, as students also, or not, participated A. Ilie, A. Păun, I. Torcică, A. Frînculeasa, to mention only a couple of them. From the perspective of the digging conception, we may differentiate two stages. The first lasted until 1993, being marked by the surface digging, controlled by a grid grate of 2x2 m and mainly made by altimetric bashaw. The surface that could be researched in the actual field conditions was the N side of T. I. Initially, here, in order to gain a stratigraphic control, was charted a control section (E-W oriented, with dimensions of 46 x 2 m), which practically sectioned at the S limit the area which was possible to be researched, namely the space free of constructions or installing. Due to the lack of workers, the researches were interrupted for a couple of years, being resumed in 1986. The available surface being too wide compared to the possibilities of the moment, the E area was delimited, codified Sα. Starting with 1996 begun the research of the W area, also codified Sβ, between the two being spared Sγ  which was 4 m wide, with the intention to preserve a supplementary profile, perpendicular on the magistral profile of the researched area. In time we observed that due to the climacteric conditions and to the characteristics of the archaeological sediment, the mark was destroying gradually and was thus decided its integration in the researched area. In order to achieve a better stratigraphic correlation and to attempt a better studying of the possible spatial relations, the digging focused on the last two surfaces so that to get to the digging at the same level, in stratigraphic connection with Sα. From 1996 until today, the research was guided on these surfaces with the purpose of correlating as stratigraphy the entire surface. Starting with 1993 on this site was applied the same digging conception as the one materialized on the site from Hârşova-tell.